Next Article in Journal
Influenza Vaccination Coverage among Adults in Korea: 2008–2009 to 2011–2012 Seasons
Previous Article in Journal
Spatiotemporal Heterogeneity Analysis of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome in China Using Geographically Weighted Regression Models
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(12), 12148-12161; doi:10.3390/ijerph111212148

Measuring Disability and Its Predicting Factors in a Large Database in Taiwan Using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0

1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 235, Taiwan
2
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 116, Taiwan
3
Graduate Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
4
Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Science, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401, USA
5
Swiss Paraplegic Research, Nottwil 6207, Switzerland
6
Department of Public Health, Tzu Chi University, Hualien 970, Taiwan
7
Chinese Association of Early Intervention Profession for Children with Developmental Delays, Hualien City 970, Taiwan
8
School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
9
School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 116, Taiwan
10
Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei 115, Taiwan
11
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 116, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 October 2014 / Revised: 17 November 2014 / Accepted: 19 November 2014 / Published: 25 November 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [820 KB, uploaded 25 November 2014]   |  

Abstract

The definition of disability had been unclear until the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health was promulgated in 2001 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Disability is a critical but relatively neglected public-health concern. We conducted this study to measure disabilities by using the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) and identify the factors that contribute to disabilities. We obtained and analyzed the data on people who applied to Taiwan’s disability registration system between September 2012 and August 2013. A total of 158,174 cases were selected for this study. Among the people included in this study, 53% were male, and the females were on average 3 years older than the males. More males than females were of a low socioeconomic status, but the rate of employment was higher among the males than among the females. Age, sex, place of residence, and types and severity of impairment were all determined to be factors that independently contributed to disability. This study has demonstrated that disability can be measured and compared using WHODAS 2.0. Increasing the public-health attention devoted to disability and identifying the factors associated with disability can promote independence and social participation in people with disabilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: disability; ICF; impairment disability; ICF; impairment
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chi, W.-C.; Chang, K.-H.; Escorpizo, R.; Yen, C.-F.; Liao, H.-F.; Chang, F.-H.; Chiou, H.-Y.; Teng, S.-W.; Chiu, W.-T.; Liou, T.-H. Measuring Disability and Its Predicting Factors in a Large Database in Taiwan Using the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12148-12161.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top