Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Subsurface Transport Behavior of Micro-Nano Bubbles and Potential Applications for Groundwater Remediation
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
In Situ Solution China Co., Ltd, Nanjing 211106, China
Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 October 2013; in revised form: 12 December 2013 / Accepted: 20 December 2013 / Published: 30 December 2013
Abstract: Micro-nano bubbles (MNBs) are tiny bubbles with diameters on the order of micrometers and nanometers, showing great potential in environmental remediation. However, the application is only in the beginning stages and remains to be intensively studied. In order to explore the possible use of MNBs in groundwater contaminant removal, this study focuses on the transport of MNBs in porous media and dissolution processes. The bubble diameter distribution was obtained under different conditions by a laser particle analyzer. The permeability of MNB water through sand was compared with that of air-free water. Moreover, the mass transfer features of dissolved oxygen in water with MNBs were studied. The results show that the bubble diameter distribution is influenced by the surfactant concentration in the water. The existence of MNBs in pore water has no impact on the hydraulic conductivity of sand. Furthermore, the dissolved oxygen (DO) in water is greatly increased by the MNBs, which will predictably improve the aerobic bioremediation of groundwater. The results are meaningful and instructive in the further study of MNB research and applications in groundwater bioremediation.
Keywords: micro-nano bubbles (MNBs); size distribution; hydraulic conductivity; dissolved oxygen (DO)
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Li, H.; Hu, L.; Song, D.; Al-Tabbaa, A. Subsurface Transport Behavior of Micro-Nano Bubbles and Potential Applications for Groundwater Remediation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 473-486.
Li H, Hu L, Song D, Al-Tabbaa A. Subsurface Transport Behavior of Micro-Nano Bubbles and Potential Applications for Groundwater Remediation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(1):473-486.
Li, Hengzhen; Hu, Liming; Song, Dejun; Al-Tabbaa, Abir. 2014. "Subsurface Transport Behavior of Micro-Nano Bubbles and Potential Applications for Groundwater Remediation." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 1: 473-486.