Family Process and Peer Influences on Substance Use by Adolescents
AbstractThis study explores the association of family process and peer influences with risk behaviors of adolescents. A total of 805 students were recruited from secondary schools. The results showed that adolescents who have parents who are “authoritarian” (OR = 1.856) were more likely to smoke. Adolescents who have conflicts with their parents (OR = 1.423) were more likely to drink. Those who have parents who are “permissive” were less likely to drink (OR = 0.885). Having friends who smoked (OR = 5.446) or drank (OR = 1.894), and friends’ invitation to smoke (OR = 10.455) or drink (OR = 11.825) were the dominant contributors to adolescent smoking and drinking. Interventions are needed that recognize the strength of the parent-child relationship, as well as strengthen family functioning through improved interpersonal, parenting, and monitoring skills.
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Loke, A.Y.; Mak, Y.-W. Family Process and Peer Influences on Substance Use by Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 3868-3885.
Loke AY, Mak Y-W. Family Process and Peer Influences on Substance Use by Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(9):3868-3885.Chicago/Turabian Style
Loke, Alice Y.; Mak, Yim-wah. 2013. "Family Process and Peer Influences on Substance Use by Adolescents." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 9: 3868-3885.