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Study of Environmental Health Problems in Korea Using Integrated Environmental Health Indicators
Department of Environmental Health, College of Health Science, Korea University, Seoul 136-703, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 May 2013; in revised form: 10 July 2013 / Accepted: 15 July 2013 / Published: 25 July 2013
Abstract: We have investigated the usefulness of environmental health indicators for the evaluation of environmental health in Korea. We also assessed the association between environmental contamination and health outcomes by integrating indicators into a composite measure. We selected health-related environmental indicators and environment-related health status indicators. The data were obtained from published statistical data from the period 2008–2009. Both synthesized measures of environmental indicators and health status indicators were calculated using Strahll’s taxonometric methods. The range of values determined by this method is 0–1, with higher values representing a better situation in the given area. The study area consisted of 16 large administrative areas within Korea. The arithmetic mean of the synthesized measure of environmental indicators was 0.348 (SD = 0.151), and that of the synthesized measure of health status indicators was 0.708 (SD = 0.107). The correlation coefficient between the synthesized measures of environmental indicators and health status indicators was 0.69 (95% CI: 0.28–0.88). Comparisons between local communities based on integrated indicators may provide useful information for decision-makers, allowing them to identify priorities in pollutant mitigation policies or in improvement actions for public health. Integrated indicators are also useful to describe the relationships between environmental contamination and health effects.
Keywords: environmental health; environmental hazards; environmental health indicators; decision making
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MDPI and ACS Style
Heo, S.; Lee, J.-T. Study of Environmental Health Problems in Korea Using Integrated Environmental Health Indicators. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 3140-3156.
Heo S, Lee J-T. Study of Environmental Health Problems in Korea Using Integrated Environmental Health Indicators. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(8):3140-3156.
Heo, Seulkee; Lee, Jong-Tae. 2013. "Study of Environmental Health Problems in Korea Using Integrated Environmental Health Indicators." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 8: 3140-3156.