Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(6), 2336-2347; doi:10.3390/ijerph10062336
Article

Influence of Maternal and Child Lifestyle-Related Characteristics on the Socioeconomic Inequality in Overweight and Obesity among 5-year-old Children; The “Be Active, Eat Right” Study

Received: 2 April 2013; in revised form: 21 May 2013 / Accepted: 27 May 2013 / Published: 6 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inequalities in Health)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: It is unclear whether the socioeconomic inequality in prevalence of overweight and obesity is already present among very young children. This study investigates the association between overweight and socioeconomic status (SES, with maternal educational level as an indicator of SES) among 5-year-old children. This cross-sectional study uses baseline data from 5-year-olds of Dutch ethnicity (n = 5,582) and their mothers collected for the “Be active, eat right” study. Compared to children of mothers with the highest educational level, for children of mothers with the lowest educational level the odds ratio (adjusted for demographic characteristics) for having overweight was 2.10 (95% confidence interval: 1.57–2.82), and for having obesity was 4.18 (95% confidence interval: 2.32–7.55). Addition of maternal and child lifestyle-related characteristics decreased the odds ratios for overweight and obesity by 26.4% and 42.1%, respectively. The results show that an inverse SES-overweight/obesity association is already present at elementary school entry, and that watching TV by mother and child, the child consuming breakfast and, especially maternal weight status, are contributing factors in this association. These results should be taken into account when developing policies to reduce inequalities in (childhood) health.
Keywords: preschool child; overweight; obesity; social class; lifestyle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Veldhuis, L.; Vogel, I.; van Rossem, L.; Renders, C.M.; HiraSing, R.A.; Mackenbach, J.P.; Raat, H. Influence of Maternal and Child Lifestyle-Related Characteristics on the Socioeconomic Inequality in Overweight and Obesity among 5-year-old Children; The “Be Active, Eat Right” Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2336-2347.

AMA Style

Veldhuis L, Vogel I, van Rossem L, Renders CM, HiraSing RA, Mackenbach JP, Raat H. Influence of Maternal and Child Lifestyle-Related Characteristics on the Socioeconomic Inequality in Overweight and Obesity among 5-year-old Children; The “Be Active, Eat Right” Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(6):2336-2347.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Veldhuis, Lydian; Vogel, Ineke; van Rossem, Lenie; Renders, Carry M.; HiraSing, Remy A.; Mackenbach, Johan P.; Raat, Hein. 2013. "Influence of Maternal and Child Lifestyle-Related Characteristics on the Socioeconomic Inequality in Overweight and Obesity among 5-year-old Children; The “Be Active, Eat Right” Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 6: 2336-2347.

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