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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 6863-6872; doi:10.3390/ijerph10126863
Article

Radioactivity of Drinking-Water in the Vicinity of Nuclear Power Plants in China Based on a Large-Scale Monitoring Study

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Received: 21 October 2013; in revised form: 19 November 2013 / Accepted: 27 November 2013 / Published: 6 December 2013
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Abstract: The public concern for radioactivity of drinking-water has been increasing in recent years after the rapid development of nuclear power plants, and especially after the Fukushima nuclear accident. In this study, the radioactivity of water samples collected in the vicinity of nuclear facilities from seven provinces in China was measured and an average annual equivalent effective dose derived from drinking-water ingestion was calculated. The results showed that, in winter and spring, the activities of gross α and β ranged from 0.009 Bq/L to 0.200 Bq/L and from 0.067 Bq/L to 0.320 Bq/L, respectively. While, in summer and autumn, the activities of gross a and β varied from 0.002 Bq/L to 0.175 Bq/L and from 0.060 Bq/L to 0.334 Bq/L. Our results indicated that the gross a and β activities in these measured water samples were below the WHO recommended values (0.5 Bq/L for gross α and 1.0 Bq/L for gross β) and the annual equivalent effective dose derived from drinking-water ingestion was at a safe level.
Keywords: radioactivity; gross α and gross β; drinking-water; vicinity; nuclear power plant; monitoring radioactivity; gross α and gross β; drinking-water; vicinity; nuclear power plant; monitoring
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Miao, X.-X.; Ji, Y.-Q.; Shao, X.-Z.; Wang, H.; Sun, Q.-F.; Su, X. Radioactivity of Drinking-Water in the Vicinity of Nuclear Power Plants in China Based on a Large-Scale Monitoring Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6863-6872.

AMA Style

Miao X-X, Ji Y-Q, Shao X-Z, Wang H, Sun Q-F, Su X. Radioactivity of Drinking-Water in the Vicinity of Nuclear Power Plants in China Based on a Large-Scale Monitoring Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(12):6863-6872.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miao, Xiao-Xiang; Ji, Yan-Qin; Shao, Xian-Zhang; Wang, Huan; Sun, Quan-Fu; Su, Xu. 2013. "Radioactivity of Drinking-Water in the Vicinity of Nuclear Power Plants in China Based on a Large-Scale Monitoring Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 12: 6863-6872.



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