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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(12), 6630-6644; doi:10.3390/ijerph10126630
Communication

Indicators for Healthy Ageing — A Debate

1,* , 1,†
, 2,3,†
, 4,†
, 5,†
, 5,†
 and 6,†
1 Institute of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Muenster, 48149 Muenster, Germany 1 Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute, General-Pape-Str. 62-66, D-12101 Berlin, Germany 2 Swiss Paraplegic Research, Guido A. Zaech Strasse 4, CH-6207 Nottwil, Switzerland 3 Department of Sports Medicine and Sports Nutrition, University of Bochum, D-44801 Bochum, Germany 4 Bundesinstitut für Bevoelkerungsforschung (BiB), Federal Institute for Population Research, Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 4, D-65185 Wiesbaden, Germany 5 Institute of Social Medicine, Occupational Health and Public Health (ISAP), Medical Faculty, University of Leipzig, Philipp-Rosenthal-Straße 55, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany 6 Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology (IBE), Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Munich, Marchioninistr. 15, D-81377 Munich, Germany These authors contributed equally to this work.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 September 2013 / Revised: 5 November 2013 / Accepted: 19 November 2013 / Published: 2 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Care for Old People)
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Abstract

Definitions of healthy ageing include survival to a specific age, being free of chronic diseases, autonomy in activities of daily living, wellbeing, good quality of life, high social participation, only mild cognitive or functional impairment, and little or no disability. The working group Epidemiology of Ageing of the German Association of Epidemiology organized a workshop in 2012 with the aim to present different indicators used in German studies and to discuss their impact on health for an ageing middle-European population. Workshop presentations focused on prevalence of chronic diseases and multimorbidity, development of healthy life expectancy at the transition to oldest-age, physical activity, assessment of cognitive capability, and functioning and disability in old age. The communication describes the results regarding specific indicators for Germany, and hereby contributes to the further development of a set of indicators for the assessment of healthy ageing.
Keywords: old age; health; Germany; methodology old age; health; Germany; methodology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Fuchs, J.; Scheidt-Nave, C.; Hinrichs, T.; Mergenthaler, A.; Stein, J.; Riedel-Heller, S.G.; Grill, E. Indicators for Healthy Ageing — A Debate. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6630-6644.

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