Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Mar. Drugs 2011, 9(11), 2316-2368; doi:10.3390/md9112316
Review

Brominated Compounds from Marine Sponges of the Genus Aplysina and a Compilation of Their 13C NMR Spectral Data

1
, 1
, 1
, 1
, 2
, 1
, 1
, 1,*  and 1,*
Received: 18 August 2011; in revised form: 24 October 2011 / Accepted: 31 October 2011 / Published: 10 November 2011
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [729 KB, updated 25 November 2011; original version uploaded 10 November 2011]
Abstract: Aplysina is the best representative genus of the family Aplysinidae. Halogenated substances are its main class of metabolites. These substances contribute greatly to the chemotaxonomy and characterization of the sponges belonging to this genus. Due to their pharmacological activities, these alkaloids are of special interest. The chemistry of halogenated substances and of the alkaloids has long been extensively studied in terrestrial organisms, while the number of marine organisms studied has just started to increase in the last decades. This review describes 101 halogenated substances from 14 species of Aplysina from different parts of the world. These substances can be divided into the following classes: bromotyramines (A), cavernicolins (B), hydroverongiaquinols (C), bromotyrosineketals (D), bromotyrosine lactone derivatives (E), oxazolidones (F), spiroisoxazolines (G), verongiabenzenoids (H), verongiaquinols (I), and dibromocyclohexadienes (J). A compilation of their 13C NMR data is also part of the review. For this purpose 138 references were consulted.
Keywords: Aplysina; marine sponges; halogenated substances; 13C NMR; review Aplysina; marine sponges; halogenated substances; 13C NMR; review
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Lira, N.S.; Montes, R.C.; Tavares, J.F.; Silva, M.S.; Cunha, E.V.L.; Athayde-Filho, P.F.; Rodrigues, L.C.; Dias, C.S.; Barbosa-Filho, J.M. Brominated Compounds from Marine Sponges of the Genus Aplysina and a Compilation of Their 13C NMR Spectral Data. Mar. Drugs 2011, 9, 2316-2368.

AMA Style

Lira NS, Montes RC, Tavares JF, Silva MS, Cunha EVL, Athayde-Filho PF, Rodrigues LC, Dias CS, Barbosa-Filho JM. Brominated Compounds from Marine Sponges of the Genus Aplysina and a Compilation of Their 13C NMR Spectral Data. Marine Drugs. 2011; 9(11):2316-2368.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lira, Narlize Silva; Montes, Ricardo Carneiro; Tavares, Josean Fechine; Silva, Marcelo Sobral da; Cunha, Emidio V. L. da; Athayde-Filho, Petronio Filgueiras de; Rodrigues, Luis Cezar; Dias, Celidarque da Silva; Barbosa-Filho, Jose Maria. 2011. "Brominated Compounds from Marine Sponges of the Genus Aplysina and a Compilation of Their 13C NMR Spectral Data." Mar. Drugs 9, no. 11: 2316-2368.



Mar. Drugs EISSN 1660-3397 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert