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Mar. Drugs 2011, 9(1), 59-70; doi:10.3390/md9010059

Secondary Metabolites from a Marine-Derived Endophytic Fungus Penicillium chrysogenum QEN-24S

1 Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanhai Road 7, Qingdao 266071, China 2 Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yuquan Road 19A, Beijing 100049, China 3 Institute for Pharmaceutical Biology and Biotechnology, Heinrich-Heine-University Duesseldorf, Universitaetsstreet 1, 40225 Duesseldorf, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 November 2010 / Revised: 1 December 2010 / Accepted: 20 December 2010 / Published: 27 December 2010
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Penicillium chrysogenum QEN-24S, an endophytic fungus isolated from an unidentified marine red algal species of the genus Laurencia, displayed inhibitory activity against the growth of pathogen Alternaria brassicae in dual culture test. Chemical investigation of this fungal strain resulted in the isolation of four new (13 and 5) and one known (4) secondary metabolites. Their structures were identified as two polyketide derivatives penicitides A and B (1 and 2), two glycerol derivatives 2-(2,4-dihydroxy-6-methylbenzoyl)-glycerol (3) and 1-(2,4-dihydroxy-6-methylbenzoyl)-glycerol (4), and one monoterpene derivative penicimonoterpene (5). Penicitides A and B (1 and 2) feature a unique 10-hydroxy- or 7,10-dihydroxy-5,7-dimethylundecyl moiety substituting at C-5 of the α-tetrahydropyrone ring, which is not reported previously among natural products. Compound 5 displayed potent activity against the pathogen A. brassicae, while compound 1 exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against the human hepatocellular liver carcinoma cell line.
Keywords: marine endophyte; Penicillium chrysogenum; secondary metabolites marine endophyte; Penicillium chrysogenum; secondary metabolites
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gao, S.-S.; Li, X.-M.; Du, F.-Y.; Li, C.-S.; Proksch, P.; Wang, B.-G. Secondary Metabolites from a Marine-Derived Endophytic Fungus Penicillium chrysogenum QEN-24S. Mar. Drugs 2011, 9, 59-70.

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