Exploring the Valuable Carotenoids for the Large-Scale Production by Marine Microorganisms
AbstractCarotenoids are among the most abundant natural pigments available in nature. These pigments have received considerable attention because of their biotechnological applications and, more importantly, due to their potential beneficial uses in human healthcare, food processing, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. These bioactive compounds are in high demand throughout the world; Europe and the USA are the markets where the demand for carotenoids is the highest. The in vitro synthesis of carotenoids has sustained their large-scale production so far. However, the emerging modern standards for a healthy lifestyle and environment-friendly practices have given rise to a search for natural biocompounds as alternatives to synthetic ones. Therefore, nowadays, biomass (vegetables, fruits, yeast and microorganisms) is being used to obtain naturally-available carotenoids with high antioxidant capacity and strong color, on a large scale. This is an alternative to the in vitro synthesis of carotenoids, which is expensive and generates a large number of residues, and the compounds synthesized are sometimes not active biologically. In this context, marine biomass has recently emerged as a natural source for both common and uncommon valuable carotenoids. Besides, the cultivation of marine microorganisms, as well as the downstream processes, which are used to isolate the carotenoids from these microorganisms, offer several advantages over the other approaches that have been explored previously. This review summarizes the general properties of the most-abundant carotenoids produced by marine microorganisms, focusing on the genuine/rare carotenoids that exhibit interesting features useful for potential applications in biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and medicine. View Full-Text
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Torregrosa-Crespo, J.; Montero, Z.; Fuentes, J.L.; Reig García-Galbis, M.; Garbayo, I.; Vílchez, C.; Martínez-Espinosa, R.M. Exploring the Valuable Carotenoids for the Large-Scale Production by Marine Microorganisms. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 203.
Torregrosa-Crespo J, Montero Z, Fuentes JL, Reig García-Galbis M, Garbayo I, Vílchez C, Martínez-Espinosa RM. Exploring the Valuable Carotenoids for the Large-Scale Production by Marine Microorganisms. Marine Drugs. 2018; 16(6):203.Chicago/Turabian Style
Torregrosa-Crespo, Javier; Montero, Zaida; Fuentes, Juan L.; Reig García-Galbis, Manuel; Garbayo, Inés; Vílchez, Carlos; Martínez-Espinosa, Rosa M. 2018. "Exploring the Valuable Carotenoids for the Large-Scale Production by Marine Microorganisms." Mar. Drugs 16, no. 6: 203.
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