Mini-Review: Antifouling Natural Products from Marine Microorganisms and Their Synthetic Analogs
AbstractBiofouling causes huge economic loss and generates serious ecological issues worldwide. Marine coatings incorporated with antifouling (AF) compounds are the most common practices to prevent biofouling. With a ban of organotins and an increase in the restrictions regarding the use of other AF alternatives, exploring effective and environmentally friendly AF compounds has become an urgent demand for marine coating industries. Marine microorganisms, which have the largest biodiversity, represent a rich and important source of bioactive compounds and have many medical and industrial applications. This review summarizes 89 natural products from marine microorganisms and 13 of their synthetic analogs with AF EC50 values ≤ 25 μg/mL from 1995 (the first report about marine microorganism-derived AF compounds) to April 2017. Some compounds with the EC50 values < 5 μg/mL and LC50/EC50 ratios > 50 are highlighted as potential AF compounds, and the preliminary analysis of structure-relationship (SAR) of these compounds is also discussed briefly. In the last part, current challenges and future research perspectives are proposed based on opinions from many previous reviews. To provide clear guidance for the readers, the AF compounds from microorganisms and their synthetic analogs in this review are categorized into ten types, including fatty acids, lactones, terpenes, steroids, benzenoids, phenyl ethers, polyketides, alkaloids, nucleosides and peptides. In addition to the major AF compounds which targets macro-foulers, this review also includes compounds with antibiofilm activity since micro-foulers also contribute significantly to the biofouling communities. View Full-Text
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Wang, K.-L.; Wu, Z.-H.; Wang, Y.; Wang, C.-Y.; Xu, Y. Mini-Review: Antifouling Natural Products from Marine Microorganisms and Their Synthetic Analogs. Mar. Drugs 2017, 15, 266.
Wang K-L, Wu Z-H, Wang Y, Wang C-Y, Xu Y. Mini-Review: Antifouling Natural Products from Marine Microorganisms and Their Synthetic Analogs. Marine Drugs. 2017; 15(9):266.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Kai-Ling; Wu, Ze-Hong; Wang, Yu; Wang, Chang-Yun; Xu, Ying. 2017. "Mini-Review: Antifouling Natural Products from Marine Microorganisms and Their Synthetic Analogs." Mar. Drugs 15, no. 9: 266.
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