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Mar. Drugs 2017, 15(4), 93; doi:10.3390/md15040093

Enzymatic Processes in Marine Biotechnology

Istituto di Chimica Biomolecolare, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Campi Flegrei, 34, 80078 Pozzuoli, Naples, Italy
Academic Editor: Keith B. Glaser
Received: 17 February 2017 / Revised: 16 March 2017 / Accepted: 20 March 2017 / Published: 25 March 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [605 KB, uploaded 25 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

In previous review articles the attention of the biocatalytically oriented scientific community towards the marine environment as a source of biocatalysts focused on the habitat-related properties of marine enzymes. Updates have already appeared in the literature, including marine examples of oxidoreductases, hydrolases, transferases, isomerases, ligases, and lyases ready for food and pharmaceutical applications. Here a new approach for searching the literature and presenting a more refined analysis is adopted with respect to previous surveys, centering the attention on the enzymatic process rather than on a single novel activity. Fields of applications are easily individuated: (i) the biorefinery value-chain, where the provision of biomass is one of the most important aspects, with aquaculture as the prominent sector; (ii) the food industry, where the interest in the marine domain is similarly developed to deal with the enzymatic procedures adopted in food manipulation; (iii) the selective and easy extraction/modification of structurally complex marine molecules, where enzymatic treatments are a recognized tool to improve efficiency and selectivity; and (iv) marine biomarkers and derived applications (bioremediation) in pollution monitoring are also included in that these studies could be of high significance for the appreciation of marine bioprocesses. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine enzymes; biocatalysts; bioprocesses; biorefinery; seafood; marine biomarkers marine enzymes; biocatalysts; bioprocesses; biorefinery; seafood; marine biomarkers
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Trincone, A. Enzymatic Processes in Marine Biotechnology. Mar. Drugs 2017, 15, 93.

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