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Mar. Drugs 2016, 14(8), 153; doi:10.3390/md14080153

Anticancer Activity of a Hexapeptide from Skate (Raja porosa) Cartilage Protein Hydrolysate in HeLa Cells

School of Food and Pharmacy, Zhejiang Ocean University, 1st Haidanan Road, Changzhi Island, Lincheng, Zhoushan 316022, China
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Academic Editor: Se-Kwon Kim
Received: 30 June 2016 / Revised: 7 August 2016 / Accepted: 8 August 2016 / Published: 16 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Proteins and Peptides)
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Abstract

In this study, the hexapeptide Phe-Ile-Met-Gly-Pro-Tyr (FIMGPY), which has a molecular weight of 726.9 Da, was separated from skate (Raja porosa) cartilage protein hydrolysate using ultrafiltration and chromatographic methods, and its anticancer activity was evaluated in HeLa cells. Methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay indicated that FIMGPY exhibited high, dose-dependent anti-proliferation activities in HeLa cells with an IC50 of 4.81 mg/mL. Acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) fluorescence staining and flow cytometry methods confirmed that FIMGPY could inhibit HeLa cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis. Western blot assay revealed that the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and relative intensity of caspase-3 in HeLa cells treated with 7-mg/mL FIMGPY were 2.63 and 1.83, respectively, significantly higher than those of the blank control (p < 0.01). Thus, FIMGPY could induce apoptosis by upregulating the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and caspase-3 activation. Using a DNA ladder method further confirmed that the anti-proliferation activity of FIMGPY was attributable to its role in inducing apoptosis. These results suggest that FIMGPY from skate cartilage protein hydrolysate may have applications as functional foods and nutraceuticals for the treatment and prevention of cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: skate (Raja porosa); cartilage; peptide; anticancer activity; apoptosis skate (Raja porosa); cartilage; peptide; anticancer activity; apoptosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, X.; Zhao, Y.-Q.; Hu, F.-Y.; Chi, C.-F.; Wang, B. Anticancer Activity of a Hexapeptide from Skate (Raja porosa) Cartilage Protein Hydrolysate in HeLa Cells. Mar. Drugs 2016, 14, 153.

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