Abstract: A novel conotoxin (conopeptide) was biochemically characterized from the crude venom of the molluscivorous marine snail, Conus bandanus (Hwass in Bruguière, 1792), collected in the south-central coast of Vietnam. The peptide was identified by screening bromotryptophan from chromatographic fractions of the crude venom. Tandem mass spectrometry techniques were used to detect and localize different post-translational modifications (PTMs) present in the BnIIID conopeptide. The sequence was confirmed by Edman’s degradation and mass spectrometry revealing that the purified BnIIID conopeptide had 15 amino acid residues, with six cysteines at positions 1, 2, 7, 11, 13, and 14, and three PTMs: bromotryptophan, γ-carboxy glutamate, and amidated aspartic acid, at positions “4”, “5”, and “15”, respectively. The BnIIID peptide was synthesized for comparison with the native peptide. Homology comparison with conopeptides having the III-cysteine framework (–CCx1x2x3x4Cx1x2x3Cx1CC–) revealed that BnIIID belongs to the M-1 family of conotoxins. This is the first report of a member of the M-superfamily containing bromotryptophan as PTM.
Keywords: Conus bandanus; cone snail venom; mass spectrometry; BnIIID; bromotryptophan; γ-carboxy glutamate; post-translational modifications
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Nguyen, B.; Caer, J.-P.L.; Mourier, G.; Thai, R.; Lamthanh, H.; Servent, D.; Benoit, E.; Molgó, J. Characterization of a Novel Conus bandanus Conopeptide Belonging to the M-Superfamily Containing Bromotryptophan. Mar. Drugs 2014, 12, 3449-3465.
Nguyen B, Caer J-PL, Mourier G, Thai R, Lamthanh H, Servent D, Benoit E, Molgó J. Characterization of a Novel Conus bandanus Conopeptide Belonging to the M-Superfamily Containing Bromotryptophan. Marine Drugs. 2014; 12(6):3449-3465.
Nguyen, Bao; Caer, Jean-Pierre L.; Mourier, Gilles; Thai, Robert; Lamthanh, Hung; Servent, Denis; Benoit, Evelyne; Molgó, Jordi. 2014. "Characterization of a Novel Conus bandanus Conopeptide Belonging to the M-Superfamily Containing Bromotryptophan." Mar. Drugs 12, no. 6: 3449-3465.