Mar. Drugs 2013, 11(5), 1534-1552; doi:10.3390/md11051534
Article

Synthesis, Characterization, and Antibacterial Activity of Cross-Linked Chitosan-Glutaraldehyde

1 State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, Institute of Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China 2 State Key Laboratory Breeding Base for Zhejiang Sustainable Plant Pest and Disease Control, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, China 3 College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China 4 Institute of Digital Agriculture, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, China 5 Research and Development Center of Biorational Pesticides, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China 6 State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou 310006, China
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 February 2013; in revised form: 17 April 2013 / Accepted: 26 April 2013 / Published: 13 May 2013
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Abstract: This present study deals with synthesis, characterization and antibacterial activity of cross-linked chitosan-glutaraldehyde. Results from this study indicated that cross-linked chitosan-glutaraldehyde markedly inhibited the growth of antibiotic-resistant Burkholderia cepacia complex regardless of bacterial species and incubation time while bacterial growth was unaffected by solid chitosan. Furthermore, high temperature treated cross-linked chitosan-glutaraldehyde showed strong antibacterial activity against the selected strain 0901 although the inhibitory effects varied with different temperatures. In addition, physical-chemical and structural characterization revealed that the cross-linking of chitosan with glutaraldehyde resulted in a rougher surface morphology, a characteristic Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) band at 1559 cm−1, a specific X-ray diffraction peak centered at 2θ = 15°, a lower contents of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen, and a higher stability of glucose units compared to chitosan based on scanning electron microscopic observation, FTIR spectra, X-ray diffraction pattern, as well as elemental and thermo gravimetric analysis. Overall, this study indicated that cross-linked chitosan-glutaraldehyde is promising to be developed as a new antibacterial drug.
Keywords: antibacterial activity; characterization; chitosan; cross-link; glutaraldehyde

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, B.; Shan, C.-L.; Zhou, Q.; Fang, Y.; Wang, Y.-L.; Xu, F.; Han, L.-R.; Ibrahim, M.; Guo, L.-B.; Xie, G.-L.; Sun, G.-C. Synthesis, Characterization, and Antibacterial Activity of Cross-Linked Chitosan-Glutaraldehyde. Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 1534-1552.

AMA Style

Li B, Shan C-L, Zhou Q, Fang Y, Wang Y-L, Xu F, Han L-R, Ibrahim M, Guo L-B, Xie G-L, Sun G-C. Synthesis, Characterization, and Antibacterial Activity of Cross-Linked Chitosan-Glutaraldehyde. Marine Drugs. 2013; 11(5):1534-1552.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Bin; Shan, Chang-Lin; Zhou, Qing; Fang, Yuan; Wang, Yang-Li; Xu, Fei; Han, Li-Rong; Ibrahim, Muhammad; Guo, Long-Biao; Xie, Guan-Lin; Sun, Guo-Chang. 2013. "Synthesis, Characterization, and Antibacterial Activity of Cross-Linked Chitosan-Glutaraldehyde." Mar. Drugs 11, no. 5: 1534-1552.

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