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Pharmaceuticals 2012, 5(6), 629-642; doi:10.3390/ph5060629
Review

Influence of Maternal Bifidobacteria on the Development of Gut Bifidobacteria in Infants

1,2,* , 2,3 and 2
1 Deparment of Psychiatry, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan 2 Laboratory for Infectious Disease, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan 3 Sagami Research Laboratories, Wakamoto Pharmaceutical Co., LTD. 378 Kanate, Ohi-Machi, Ashigarakami-gun, Kanagawa 258-0018, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 April 2012 / Revised: 29 May 2012 / Accepted: 5 June 2012 / Published: 18 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Probiotics and Prebiotics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [73 KB, 25 June 2012; original version 18 June 2012]

Abstract

Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in human health by influencing metabolic activities that result in the creation of energy and absorbable nutrients, a barrier to the colonization of pathogens, and stimulation of the immune system. The development of fecal microbiota in neonates is crucial because those bacteria are the first to colonize the sterile intestine of the neonates and, thus, have a significant effect on the host. Initial colonization is also relevant to the final composition of the permanent microbiota in adults. Bifidobacteria are predominant in the fecal microbiota of infants, and, therefore, they are important to an understanding of how commensal bifidobacteria is established in the intestine of infants. While the mother’s bifidobacteria are considered to significantly influence the infant’s bifidobacteria, it is not clear whether a specific bifidobacterial strain transmits vertically from mother to infant and what factors of the mother before delivery influence the establishment of intestinal bifidobacteria in infants. This review focuses on the impact of maternal bifidobacteria on the development of gut bifidobacteria in the infant and suggests that there is cumulative evidence regarding bifidobacterial transfer from the maternal gut or breast milk to the infant gut.
Keywords: bifidobacteria; mother; infant; transmission bifidobacteria; mother; infant; transmission
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mikami, K.; Kimura, M.; Takahashi, H. Influence of Maternal Bifidobacteria on the Development of Gut Bifidobacteria in Infants. Pharmaceuticals 2012, 5, 629-642.

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