Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Influence of Maternal Bifidobacteria on the Development of Gut Bifidobacteria in Infants
Deparment of Psychiatry, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan
Laboratory for Infectious Disease, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, Japan
Sagami Research Laboratories, Wakamoto Pharmaceutical Co., LTD. 378 Kanate, Ohi-Machi, Ashigarakami-gun, Kanagawa 258-0018, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 April 2012; in revised form: 29 May 2012 / Accepted: 5 June 2012 / Published: 18 June 2012
Abstract: Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in human health by influencing metabolic activities that result in the creation of energy and absorbable nutrients, a barrier to the colonization of pathogens, and stimulation of the immune system. The development of fecal microbiota in neonates is crucial because those bacteria are the first to colonize the sterile intestine of the neonates and, thus, have a significant effect on the host. Initial colonization is also relevant to the ﬁnal composition of the permanent microbiota in adults. Bifidobacteria are predominant in the fecal microbiota of infants, and, therefore, they are important to an understanding of how commensal bifidobacteria is established in the intestine of infants. While the mother’s bifidobacteria are considered to significantly influence the infant’s bifidobacteria, it is not clear whether a specific bifidobacterial strain transmits vertically from mother to infant and what factors of the mother before delivery influence the establishment of intestinal bifidobacteria in infants. This review focuses on the impact of maternal bifidobacteria on the development of gut bifidobacteria in the infant and suggests that there is cumulative evidence regarding bifidobacterial transfer from the maternal gut or breast milk to the infant gut.
Keywords: bifidobacteria; mother; infant; transmission
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Mikami, K.; Kimura, M.; Takahashi, H. Influence of Maternal Bifidobacteria on the Development of Gut Bifidobacteria in Infants. Pharmaceuticals 2012, 5, 629-642.
Mikami K, Kimura M, Takahashi H. Influence of Maternal Bifidobacteria on the Development of Gut Bifidobacteria in Infants. Pharmaceuticals. 2012; 5(6):629-642.
Mikami, Katsunaka; Kimura, Moto; Takahashi, Hidenori. 2012. "Influence of Maternal Bifidobacteria on the Development of Gut Bifidobacteria in Infants." Pharmaceuticals 5, no. 6: 629-642.