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Pharmaceuticals 2012, 5(10), 1045-1053; doi:10.3390/ph5101045

The Use of California Sagebrush (Artemisia californica) Liniment to Control Pain

Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, 1985 Zonal Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA
Received: 2 July 2012 / Revised: 6 September 2012 / Accepted: 17 September 2012 / Published: 27 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Pain Targets and Therapy)
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The incidence of arthritis is increasing every year, as does the need for pain medication. The current work reviews an American Indian liniment that is traditionally used for pain therapy. The chemistry, therapeutic use and safety of the liniment are reviewed. The liniment contains monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenes, flavonoids, alkaloids and other compounds.
Keywords: Artemisia californica; California sagebrush; pain therapy Artemisia californica; California sagebrush; pain therapy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Adams, J.D., Jr. The Use of California Sagebrush (Artemisia californica) Liniment to Control Pain. Pharmaceuticals 2012, 5, 1045-1053.

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