Sensors 2009, 9(8), 6435-6445; doi:10.3390/s90806435
Article

Preparation of a Polypyrrole-Polyvinylsulphonate Composite Film Biosensor for Determination of Cholesterol Based on Entrapment of Cholesterol Oxidase

1 Department of Chemistry, Institute of Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey 2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 July 2009; in revised form: 3 August 2009 / Accepted: 10 August 2009 / Published: 20 August 2009
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Abstract: In this paper, a novel amperometric cholesterol biosensor with immobilization of cholesterol oxidase on electrochemically polymerized polypyrrole–polyvinylsulphonate (PPy–PVS) films has been accomplished via the entrapment technique on the surface of a platinum electrode. Electropolymerization of pyrrole and polyvinylsulphonate on the Pt surface was carried out by cyclic voltammetry between -1.0 and +2.0 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) at a scan rate of 100 mV upon the Pt electrode with an electrochemical cell containing pyrrole and polyvinylsulphonate. The amperometric determination is based on the electrochemical detection of H2O2 generated in the enzymatic reaction of cholesterol. Determination of cholesterol was carried out by the oxidation of enzymatically produced H2O2 at 0.4 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The effects of pH and temperature were investigated and optimum parameters were found to be 7.25 and 35 °C, respectively. The storage stability and operational stability of the enzyme electrode were also studied. The results show that 32% of the response current was retained after 19 activity assays. The prepared cholesterol biosensor retained 43% of initial activity after 45 days when stored in 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution at 4 °C.
Keywords: cholesterol biosensor; amperometry; polypyrrole (PPy); polyvinylsulphonate (PVS); entrapment; interference effect

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yıldırımoğlu, F.; Arslan, F.; Çete, S.; Yaşar, A. Preparation of a Polypyrrole-Polyvinylsulphonate Composite Film Biosensor for Determination of Cholesterol Based on Entrapment of Cholesterol Oxidase. Sensors 2009, 9, 6435-6445.

AMA Style

Yıldırımoğlu F, Arslan F, Çete S, Yaşar A. Preparation of a Polypyrrole-Polyvinylsulphonate Composite Film Biosensor for Determination of Cholesterol Based on Entrapment of Cholesterol Oxidase. Sensors. 2009; 9(8):6435-6445.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yıldırımoğlu, Fadime; Arslan, Fatma; Çete, Servet; Yaşar, Ahmet. 2009. "Preparation of a Polypyrrole-Polyvinylsulphonate Composite Film Biosensor for Determination of Cholesterol Based on Entrapment of Cholesterol Oxidase." Sensors 9, no. 8: 6435-6445.

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