Sensors 2009, 9(12), 10447-10512; doi:10.3390/s91210447
Review

Laser Spectroscopy for Atmospheric and Environmental Sensing

1email, 2email, 3,4email, 4email, 1,3,* email and 1,2,* email
Received: 18 November 2009; Accepted: 2 December 2009 / Published: 22 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Spectroscopy and Sensing)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Lasers and laser spectroscopic techniques have been extensively used in several applications since their advent, and the subject has been reviewed extensively in the last several decades. This review is focused on three areas of laser spectroscopic applications in atmospheric and environmental sensing; namely laser-induced fluorescence (LIF), cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS), and photoluminescence (PL) techniques used in the detection of solids, liquids, aerosols, trace gases, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Keywords: LIF; LEAFS; LIBS; CRDS; photoluminescence; laser; environment; VOCs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fiddler, M.N.; Begashaw, I.; Mickens, M.A.; Collingwood, M.S.; Assefa, Z.; Bililign, S. Laser Spectroscopy for Atmospheric and Environmental Sensing. Sensors 2009, 9, 10447-10512.

AMA Style

Fiddler MN, Begashaw I, Mickens MA, Collingwood MS, Assefa Z, Bililign S. Laser Spectroscopy for Atmospheric and Environmental Sensing. Sensors. 2009; 9(12):10447-10512.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fiddler, Marc N.; Begashaw, Israel; Mickens, Matthew A.; Collingwood, Michael S.; Assefa, Zerihun; Bililign, Solomon. 2009. "Laser Spectroscopy for Atmospheric and Environmental Sensing." Sensors 9, no. 12: 10447-10512.

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