Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sensors 2009, 9(12), 10447-10512; doi:10.3390/s91210447
Review

Laser Spectroscopy for Atmospheric and Environmental Sensing

1
, 2
, 3,4
, 4
, 1,3,*  and 1,2,*
Received: 18 November 2009; Accepted: 2 December 2009 / Published: 22 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Spectroscopy and Sensing)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1074 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]
Abstract: Lasers and laser spectroscopic techniques have been extensively used in several applications since their advent, and the subject has been reviewed extensively in the last several decades. This review is focused on three areas of laser spectroscopic applications in atmospheric and environmental sensing; namely laser-induced fluorescence (LIF), cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS), and photoluminescence (PL) techniques used in the detection of solids, liquids, aerosols, trace gases, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Keywords: LIF; LEAFS; LIBS; CRDS; photoluminescence; laser; environment; VOCs LIF; LEAFS; LIBS; CRDS; photoluminescence; laser; environment; VOCs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Fiddler, M.N.; Begashaw, I.; Mickens, M.A.; Collingwood, M.S.; Assefa, Z.; Bililign, S. Laser Spectroscopy for Atmospheric and Environmental Sensing. Sensors 2009, 9, 10447-10512.

AMA Style

Fiddler MN, Begashaw I, Mickens MA, Collingwood MS, Assefa Z, Bililign S. Laser Spectroscopy for Atmospheric and Environmental Sensing. Sensors. 2009; 9(12):10447-10512.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fiddler, Marc N.; Begashaw, Israel; Mickens, Matthew A.; Collingwood, Michael S.; Assefa, Zerihun; Bililign, Solomon. 2009. "Laser Spectroscopy for Atmospheric and Environmental Sensing." Sensors 9, no. 12: 10447-10512.



Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert