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Sensors 2008, 8(9), 5250-5269; doi:10.3390/s8095250

Sodium Gill Potential as a Tool to Monitor Valve Closure Behavior in Freshwater Clam Corbicula fluminea in Response to Copper

1
Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10617, R.O. China
2
Department of Biomechatronic Engineering, National Ilan University, Ilan, Taiwan 260, R.O. China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 July 2008 / Revised: 14 August 2008 / Accepted: 28 August 2008 / Published: 1 September 2008
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Abstract

Valve closure behavior in freshwater clam Corbicula fluminea is a biologically sensitive endpoint. The purpose of this paper was to derive an electrophysiological response model of C. fluminea to assess copper (Cu)-sodium (Na) interactions in gill membrane, whereby valve closure behavior and Cu toxicity could be monitored. The proposed model was based on the integration of Cu bioavailability, Na and Cu internalizations, and electrochemically-based gill potentials. Based on Na active transport under non-equilibrium conditions, predicted gill potential of -8.2 mV agreed reasonably well with published the measured transepithelial potential of -7 mV in C. fluminea. Our proposed framework captured the general features observed in model applications including: (i) 50% inhibitory Cu2+ activities for Na membrane potential (ENa) and uptake rate (JNa) were estimated to be 0.072 and 0.043 mM, respectively, with a stoichiometry of 3Cu2+: 1ENa and 1JNa; (ii) the external Cu2+-dependent internal Na concentration could be parsimoniously estimated, and (iii) the site-specific clam gill potentials could be monitored. Here we provided a new approach to monitor waterborne metal toxicity to reduce the nationwide economic losses due to bans on harvesting of contaminated clam and the potential risks to the health of clams. View Full-Text
Keywords: Clam; Corbicula fluminea; Bioavailability; Gill membrane potential; Electrophysiology; Valve closure behavior Clam; Corbicula fluminea; Bioavailability; Gill membrane potential; Electrophysiology; Valve closure behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liao, C.-M.; Lin, C.-M.; Jou, L.-J.; Chen, W.-Y. Sodium Gill Potential as a Tool to Monitor Valve Closure Behavior in Freshwater Clam Corbicula fluminea in Response to Copper. Sensors 2008, 8, 5250-5269.

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