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Surface Energy Balance Based Evapotranspiration Mapping in the Texas High Plains
Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, P.O. Drawer 10, Bushland, TX 79012, USA
Texas AgriLife Research, Texas A&M System, Amarillo, TX 79106, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2008; in revised form: 12 August 2008 / Accepted: 27 August 2008 / Published: 28 August 2008
Abstract: Agriculture on the Texas High Plains (THP) uses approximately 89% of groundwater withdrawals from the Ogallala Aquifer. Consequently, groundwater levels are declining faster than the recharge rate. Therefore, efficient agricultural water use is essential for economic viability and sustainability of the THP. Accurate regional evapotranspiration (ET) maps would provide valuable information on actual crop water use. In this study, METRIC (Mapping Evapotranspiration at High Resolution using Internalized Calibration), a remote sensing based ET algorithm, was evaluated for mapping ET in the THP. Two Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper images acquired on 27 June (DOY 178) and 29 July (DOY 210) 2005 were used for this purpose. The performance of the ET model was evaluated by comparing the predicted daily ET with values derived from soil moisture budget at four commercial agricultural fields. Daily ET estimates resulted with a prediction error of 12.7±8.1% (mean bias error ± root mean square error) on DOY 178 and -4.7±9.4% on DOY 210 when compared with ET derived from measured soil moisture through the soil water balance. These results are good considering the prevailing advective conditions in the THP. METRIC have the potential to be used for mapping regional ET in the THP region. However, more evaluation is needed under different agroclimatological conditions.
Keywords: Ogallala Aquifer Region; irrigation scheduling; semi-arid environment
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Gowda, P.H.; Chávez, J.L.; Howell, T.A.; Marek, T.H.; New, L.L. Surface Energy Balance Based Evapotranspiration Mapping in the Texas High Plains. Sensors 2008, 8, 5186-5201.
Gowda PH, Chávez JL, Howell TA, Marek TH, New LL. Surface Energy Balance Based Evapotranspiration Mapping in the Texas High Plains. Sensors. 2008; 8(8):5186-5201.
Gowda, Prasanna H.; Chávez, José L.; Howell, Terry A.; Marek, Thomas H.; New, Leon L. 2008. "Surface Energy Balance Based Evapotranspiration Mapping in the Texas High Plains." Sensors 8, no. 8: 5186-5201.