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Sensors 2008, 8(4), 2569-2588; doi:10.3390/s8042569
Review

Conductometric Microbiosensors for Environmental Monitoring

1,*  and 2
Received: 7 March 2008; Accepted: 9 April 2008 / Published: 11 April 2008
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Abstract: This review presents the principles of conductometric measurements in ionic media and the equivalent electrical circuits of different designs for conductometric measurements. These types of measurements were first applied for monitoring biocatalytic reactions. The use of conductometric microtransducers is then presented and detailed in the case of pollutant detection for environmental monitoring. Conductometric biosensors have advantages over other types of transducers: they can be produced through inexpensive thinfilm standard technology, no reference electrode is needed and differential mode measurements allow cancellation of a lot of interferences. The specifications obtained for the detection of different pesticides, herbicides and heavy metal ions, based on enzyme inhibition, are presented as well as those obtained for the detection of formaldehyde, 4- chlorophenol, nitrate and proteins as markers of dissolved organic carbon based on enzymatic microbiosensors.
Keywords: Interdigitated microelectrodes; conductometric measurements; enzymatic microsensors; whole-cell microsensors; pesticides; herbicides; TOC; nitrate; heavy metals; toxicity assessment. Interdigitated microelectrodes; conductometric measurements; enzymatic microsensors; whole-cell microsensors; pesticides; herbicides; TOC; nitrate; heavy metals; toxicity assessment.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jaffrezic-Renault, N.; Dzyadevych, S.V. Conductometric Microbiosensors for Environmental Monitoring. Sensors 2008, 8, 2569-2588.

AMA Style

Jaffrezic-Renault N, Dzyadevych SV. Conductometric Microbiosensors for Environmental Monitoring. Sensors. 2008; 8(4):2569-2588.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jaffrezic-Renault, Nicole; Dzyadevych, Sergei V. 2008. "Conductometric Microbiosensors for Environmental Monitoring." Sensors 8, no. 4: 2569-2588.


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