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Ground Based Ultraviolet Remote Sensing of Volcanic Gas Plumes
Department of Geography, University of Sheffield, Winter Street, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 February 2008; Accepted: 6 March 2008 / Published: 10 March 2008
Abstract: Ultraviolet spectroscopy has been implemented for over thirty years to monitorvolcanic SO2 emissions. These data have provided valuable information concerningunderground magmatic conditions, which have been of utility in eruption forecastingefforts. During the last decade the traditionally used correlation spectrometers have beenupgraded with miniature USB coupled UV spectrometers, opening a series of exciting newempirical possibilities for understanding volcanoes and their impacts upon the atmosphere.Here we review these technological developments, in addition to the scientific insightsthey have precipitated, covering the strengths and current limitations of this approach.
Keywords: ultraviolet spectroscopy; volcanic gas monitoring
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Kantzas, E.P.; McGonigle, A.J.S. Ground Based Ultraviolet Remote Sensing of Volcanic Gas Plumes. Sensors 2008, 8, 1559-1574.
Kantzas EP, McGonigle AJS. Ground Based Ultraviolet Remote Sensing of Volcanic Gas Plumes. Sensors. 2008; 8(3):1559-1574.
Kantzas, Euripides P.; McGonigle, Andrew J.S. 2008. "Ground Based Ultraviolet Remote Sensing of Volcanic Gas Plumes." Sensors 8, no. 3: 1559-1574.