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Sensors 2008, 8(3), 1559-1574; doi:10.3390/s8031559
Review

Ground Based Ultraviolet Remote Sensing of Volcanic Gas Plumes

*  and
Received: 19 February 2008; Accepted: 6 March 2008 / Published: 10 March 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Disaster and Emergency Management Decision Making)
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Abstract: Ultraviolet spectroscopy has been implemented for over thirty years to monitorvolcanic SO2 emissions. These data have provided valuable information concerningunderground magmatic conditions, which have been of utility in eruption forecastingefforts. During the last decade the traditionally used correlation spectrometers have beenupgraded with miniature USB coupled UV spectrometers, opening a series of exciting newempirical possibilities for understanding volcanoes and their impacts upon the atmosphere.Here we review these technological developments, in addition to the scientific insightsthey have precipitated, covering the strengths and current limitations of this approach.
Keywords: ultraviolet spectroscopy; volcanic gas monitoring ultraviolet spectroscopy; volcanic gas monitoring
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kantzas, E.P.; McGonigle, A.J.S. Ground Based Ultraviolet Remote Sensing of Volcanic Gas Plumes. Sensors 2008, 8, 1559-1574.

AMA Style

Kantzas EP, McGonigle AJS. Ground Based Ultraviolet Remote Sensing of Volcanic Gas Plumes. Sensors. 2008; 8(3):1559-1574.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kantzas, Euripides P.; McGonigle, Andrew J.S. 2008. "Ground Based Ultraviolet Remote Sensing of Volcanic Gas Plumes." Sensors 8, no. 3: 1559-1574.



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