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Nonlinear Bayesian Algorithms for Gas Plume Detection and Estimation from Hyper-spectral Thermal Image Data
PO Box 999, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA
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Received: 12 April 2007; Accepted: 6 June 2007 / Published: 7 June 2007
Abstract: This paper presents a nonlinear Bayesian regression algorithm for detecting and estimating gas plume content from hyper-spectral data. Remote sensing data, by its very nature, is collected under less controlled conditions than laboratory data. As a result, the physics-based model that is used to describe the relationship between the observed remote- sensing spectra, and the terrestrial (or atmospheric) parameters that are estimated is typically littered with many unknown ”nuisance” parameters. Bayesian methods are well-suited for this context as they automatically incorporate the uncertainties associated with all nuisance parameters into the error estimates of the parameters of interest. The nonlinear Bayesian re- gression methodology is illustrated on simulated data from a three-layer model for longwave infrared (LWIR) measurements from a passive instrument. The generated LWIR scenes con- tain plumes of varying intensities, and this allows estimation uncertainty and probability of detection to be quantified. The results show that this approach should permit more accurate estimation as well as a more reasonable description of estimate uncertainty. Specifically, the methodology produces a standard error that is more realistic than that produced by matched filter estimation.
Keywords: plumes; bayesian; regression; MCMC; hyperspectral; LWIR; uncertainty
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Heasler, P.; Posse, C.; Hylden, J.; Anderson, K. Nonlinear Bayesian Algorithms for Gas Plume Detection and Estimation from Hyper-spectral Thermal Image Data. Sensors 2007, 7, 905-920.
Heasler P, Posse C, Hylden J, Anderson K. Nonlinear Bayesian Algorithms for Gas Plume Detection and Estimation from Hyper-spectral Thermal Image Data. Sensors. 2007; 7(6):905-920.
Heasler, Patrick; Posse, Christian; Hylden, Jeff; Anderson, Kevin. 2007. "Nonlinear Bayesian Algorithms for Gas Plume Detection and Estimation from Hyper-spectral Thermal Image Data." Sensors 7, no. 6: 905-920.