CNN-Based Multimodal Human Recognition in Surveillance Environments
AbstractIn the current field of human recognition, most of the research being performed currently is focused on re-identification of different body images taken by several cameras in an outdoor environment. On the other hand, there is almost no research being performed on indoor human recognition. Previous research on indoor recognition has mainly focused on face recognition because the camera is usually closer to a person in an indoor environment than an outdoor environment. However, due to the nature of indoor surveillance cameras, which are installed near the ceiling and capture images from above in a downward direction, people do not look directly at the cameras in most cases. Thus, it is often difficult to capture front face images, and when this is the case, facial recognition accuracy is greatly reduced. To overcome this problem, we can consider using the face and body for human recognition. However, when images are captured by indoor cameras rather than outdoor cameras, in many cases only part of the target body is included in the camera viewing angle and only part of the body is captured, which reduces the accuracy of human recognition. To address all of these problems, this paper proposes a multimodal human recognition method that uses both the face and body and is based on a deep convolutional neural network (CNN). Specifically, to solve the problem of not capturing part of the body, the results of recognizing the face and body through separate CNNs of VGG Face-16 and ResNet-50 are combined based on the score-level fusion by Weighted Sum rule to improve recognition performance. The results of experiments conducted using the custom-made Dongguk face and body database (DFB-DB1) and the open ChokePoint database demonstrate that the method proposed in this study achieves high recognition accuracy (the equal error rates of 1.52% and 0.58%, respectively) in comparison to face or body single modality-based recognition and other methods used in previous studies. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Koo, J.H.; Cho, S.W.; Baek, N.R.; Kim, M.C.; Park, K.R. CNN-Based Multimodal Human Recognition in Surveillance Environments. Sensors 2018, 18, 3040.
Koo JH, Cho SW, Baek NR, Kim MC, Park KR. CNN-Based Multimodal Human Recognition in Surveillance Environments. Sensors. 2018; 18(9):3040.Chicago/Turabian Style
Koo, Ja H.; Cho, Se W.; Baek, Na R.; Kim, Min C.; Park, Kang R. 2018. "CNN-Based Multimodal Human Recognition in Surveillance Environments." Sensors 18, no. 9: 3040.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.