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Sensors 2018, 18(9), 2951; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18092951

Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Antenna Sensor Based Microwave Breast Imaging: A Review

1
Department of AIS, Jagannath University, Dhaka 1100, Bangladesh
2
Centre of Advanced Electronic and Communication Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Malaysia
3
Laboratory of Spacecraft Environment Interaction Engineering (LaSEINE), Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu 804-8550, Japan
4
Electrical Engineering Department, Kuwait University, Kuwait City 13060, Kuwait
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 28 June 2018 / Accepted: 29 June 2018 / Published: 5 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antenna Technologies for Microwave Sensors)
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Abstract

Globally, breast cancer is reported as a primary cause of death in women. More than 1.8 million new breast cancer cases are diagnosed every year. Because of the current limitations on clinical imaging, researchers are motivated to investigate complementary tools and alternatives to available techniques for detecting breast cancer in earlier stages. This article presents a review of concepts and electromagnetic techniques for microwave breast imaging. More specifically, this work reviews ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna sensors and their current applications in medical imaging, leading to breast imaging. We review the use of UWB sensor based microwave energy in various imaging applications for breast tumor related diseases, tumor detection, and breast tumor detection. In microwave imaging, the back-scattered signals radiating by sensors from a human body are analyzed for changes in the electrical properties of tissues. Tumorous cells exhibit higher dielectric constants because of their high water content. The goal of this article is to provide microwave researchers with in-depth information on electromagnetic techniques for microwave imaging sensors and describe recent developments in these techniques. View Full-Text
Keywords: antenna sensor; microwave imaging; breast tumor; ultra-wideband (UWB); dielectric properties; breast phantom; high gain antenna sensor; microwave imaging; breast tumor; ultra-wideband (UWB); dielectric properties; breast phantom; high gain
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mahmud, M.Z.; Islam, M.T.; Misran, N.; Almutairi, A.F.; Cho, M. Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Antenna Sensor Based Microwave Breast Imaging: A Review. Sensors 2018, 18, 2951.

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