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Sensors 2018, 18(9), 2934; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18092934

Electrocomposite Developed with Chitosan and Ionic Liquids Using Screen-Printed Carbon Electrodes Useful to Detect Rutin in Tropical Fruits

1
Ingeniería Agroindustrial, Facultad de Ingeniería Agronómica, Universidad del Tolima, Calle 67 No. 53-108 B, Ibagué-Tolima 730001, Colombia
2
Facultad de Química, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Santiago 7820436, Chile
3
Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemáticas, Universidad de Ibagué, Carrera 22 Calle 67, Ibagué 730001, Colombia
4
Departamento de Química, Universidad de los Andes, Carrera 1 No. 18A-12, Bogotá 111711, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2018 / Revised: 28 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 4 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Paper-Based Sensors)
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Abstract

This work reports the development of a composite of the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIM]BP4) and chitosan (CS) described in previous reports through a new method using cyclic voltammetry with 10 cycles at a scan rate of 50.0 mV s−1. This method is different from usual methods such as casting, deposition, and constant potential, and it allows the development of an electroactive surface toward the oxidation of rutin by stripping voltammetry applied to the detection in tropical fruits such as orange, lemon, and agraz (Vaccinium meridionale Swartz), with results similar to those reported in previous studies. In addition, the surface was characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Raman spectroscopy. The limit of detection was 0.07 µmol L−1 and the relative standard deviation (RSD) of 10 measurements using the same modified electrode was 0.86%. Moreover, the stability of the sensor was studied for six days using the same modified electrode, where the variation of the signal using a known concentration of rutin (RT) was found to be less than 5.0%. The method was validated using a urine chemistry control spiked with known amounts of RT and possible interference was studied using ten substances including organic and biological compounds, metal ions, and dyes. The results obtained in this study demonstrated that this electrodeveloped composite was sensitive, selective, and stable. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorptive voltammetry; rutin; ionic liquids; chitosan; tropical fruits adsorptive voltammetry; rutin; ionic liquids; chitosan; tropical fruits
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Muñoz, L.; Arancibia, V.; García-Beltrán, O.; Nagles, E.; Hurtado, J.J. Electrocomposite Developed with Chitosan and Ionic Liquids Using Screen-Printed Carbon Electrodes Useful to Detect Rutin in Tropical Fruits. Sensors 2018, 18, 2934.

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