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Sensors 2018, 18(6), 1926; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18061926

A Smart Collaborative Routing Protocol for Reliable Data Diffusion in IoT Scenarios

1
School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
2
Institute of Education and Economy Research, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 30 May 2018 / Accepted: 3 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Security, Trust and Privacy for Sensor Networks)
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Abstract

It is knotty for current routing protocols to meet the needs of reliable data diffusion during the Internet of Things (IoT) deployments. Due to the random placement, limited resources and unattended features of existing sensor nodes, the wireless transmissions are easily exposed to unauthorized users, which becomes a vulnerable area for various malicious attacks, such as wormhole and Sybil attacks. However, the scheme based on geographic location is a suitable candidate to defend against them. This paper is inspired to propose a smart collaborative routing protocol, Geographic energy aware routing and Inspecting Node (GIN), for guaranteeing the reliability of data exchanging. The proposed protocol integrates the directed diffusion routing, Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing (GPSR), and the inspecting node mechanism. We first discuss current wireless routing protocols from three diverse perspectives (improving transmission rate, shortening transmission range and reducing transmission consumption). Then, the details of GIN, including the model establishment and implementation processes, are presented by means of the theoretical analysis. Through leveraging the game theory, the inspecting node is elected to monitor the network behaviors. Thirdly, we evaluate the network performances, in terms of transmission delay, packet loss ratio, and throughput, between GIN and three traditional schemes (i.e., Flooding, GPSR, and GEAR). The simulation results illustrate that the proposed protocol is able to outperform the others. View Full-Text
Keywords: geographic routing protocol; inspecting node mechanism; reliable data diffusion; game theory; IoT geographic routing protocol; inspecting node mechanism; reliable data diffusion; game theory; IoT
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ai, Z.-Y.; Zhou, Y.-T.; Song, F. A Smart Collaborative Routing Protocol for Reliable Data Diffusion in IoT Scenarios. Sensors 2018, 18, 1926.

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