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Sensors 2018, 18(6), 1863; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18061863

New Energy Efficient Multi-Hop Routing Techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks: Static and Dynamic Techniques

Department of Telecommunications, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Bucharest 060042, Romania
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Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 1 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
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Abstract

The performance of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) faces a number of challenges. Of these challenges, energy consumption is considered a hot research area. Most WSN energy is used in transmitting the data from the sensor nodes either among each other or to a Base Station (BS). For this reason, many routing protocols have been developed to facilitate the data dissemination in the WSNs. One of these protocols, Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) has provided a distinctive hierarchical approach that efficiently forwards the nodes data to the BS, but it suffers from increased energy consumption and a significant decline in the network performance in the case of large-scale networks. This paper aims to present a new approach for splitting the whole sensor network into several levels. Thus, every node will be acting accordingly on its position and status. Further, two techniques, a static one and a dynamic one, have been developed to route the data between the levels. The simulation results demonstrated that the proposed techniques prolong the lifespan, improve the stability and raise the throughput of the network compared with the LEACH, the Improved MHT-LEACH (IMHT-LEACH), and the Enhancing DMHT-LEACH (EDMHT-LEACH) protocols. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor network; clustering; lifetime; stability; throughput; LEACH protocol wireless sensor network; clustering; lifetime; stability; throughput; LEACH protocol
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Alnawafa, E.; Marghescu, I. New Energy Efficient Multi-Hop Routing Techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks: Static and Dynamic Techniques. Sensors 2018, 18, 1863.

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