Automated Geo/Co-Registration of Multi-Temporal Very-High-Resolution Imagery
AbstractFor time-series analysis using very-high-resolution (VHR) multi-temporal satellite images, both accurate georegistration to the map coordinates and subpixel-level co-registration among the images should be conducted. However, applying well-known matching methods, such as scale-invariant feature transform and speeded up robust features for VHR multi-temporal images, has limitations. First, they cannot be used for matching an optical image to heterogeneous non-optical data for georegistration. Second, they produce a local misalignment induced by differences in acquisition conditions, such as acquisition platform stability, the sensor’s off-nadir angle, and relief displacement of the considered scene. Therefore, this study addresses the problem by proposing an automated geo/co-registration framework for full-scene multi-temporal images acquired from a VHR optical satellite sensor. The proposed method comprises two primary steps: (1) a global georegistration process, followed by (2) a fine co-registration process. During the first step, two-dimensional multi-temporal satellite images are matched to three-dimensional topographic maps to assign the map coordinates. During the second step, a local analysis of registration noise pixels extracted between the multi-temporal images that have been mapped to the map coordinates is conducted to extract a large number of well-distributed corresponding points (CPs). The CPs are finally used to construct a non-rigid transformation function that enables minimization of the local misalignment existing among the images. Experiments conducted on five Kompsat-3 full scenes confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed framework, showing that the georegistration performance resulted in an approximately pixel-level accuracy for most of the scenes, and the co-registration performance further improved the results among all combinations of the georegistered Kompsat-3 image pairs by increasing the calculated cross-correlation values. View Full-Text
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Han, Y.; Oh, J. Automated Geo/Co-Registration of Multi-Temporal Very-High-Resolution Imagery. Sensors 2018, 18, 1599.
Han Y, Oh J. Automated Geo/Co-Registration of Multi-Temporal Very-High-Resolution Imagery. Sensors. 2018; 18(5):1599.Chicago/Turabian Style
Han, Youkyung; Oh, Jaehong. 2018. "Automated Geo/Co-Registration of Multi-Temporal Very-High-Resolution Imagery." Sensors 18, no. 5: 1599.
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