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Sensors 2018, 18(4), 1195; doi:10.3390/s18041195

Verifying Safety Messages Using Relative-Time and Zone Priority in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

1
School of Information, Computer, and Communication Technology, Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani 12000, Thailand
2
School of Engineering and Technology, CQUniversity, Cairns QLD 4870, Australia
3
National Electronics and Computer Technology Center, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 2 April 2018 / Accepted: 10 April 2018 / Published: 13 April 2018
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Abstract

In high-density road networks, with each vehicle broadcasting multiple messages per second, the arrival rate of safety messages can easily exceed the rate at which digital signatures can be verified. Since not all messages can be verified, algorithms for selecting which messages to verify are required to ensure that each vehicle receives appropriate awareness about neighbouring vehicles. This paper presents a novel scheme to select important safety messages for verification in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). The proposed scheme uses location and direction of the sender, as well as proximity and relative-time between vehicles, to reduce the number of irrelevant messages verified (i.e., messages from vehicles that are unlikely to cause an accident). Compared with other existing schemes, the analysis results show that the proposed scheme can verify messages from nearby vehicles with lower inter-message delay and reduced packet loss and thus provides high level of awareness of the nearby vehicles. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicular ad hoc networks; wireless communications; prioritization; message; verification; basic safety message vehicular ad hoc networks; wireless communications; prioritization; message; verification; basic safety message
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Banani, S.; Gordon, S.; Thiemjarus, S.; Kittipiyakul, S. Verifying Safety Messages Using Relative-Time and Zone Priority in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. Sensors 2018, 18, 1195.

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