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Sensors 2018, 18(4), 1167; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18041167

A Novel Well Drill Assisted with High-Frequency Vibration Using the Bending Mode

State Key Laboratory of Robotics and System, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
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Received: 6 March 2018 / Revised: 28 March 2018 / Accepted: 10 April 2018 / Published: 11 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Piezoelectric Micro- and Nano-Devices)
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Abstract

It is important for companies to increase the efficiency of drilling as well as prolong the lifetime of the drilling tool. Since some previous investigations indicated that a superposition of well drilling with an additional vibration increases the drilling efficiency, this paper introduces a novel well drill which is assisted with additional vibrations by means of piezoelectric sandwich bending vibration transducer. The proposed drill uses bending vibrations in two different directions to from an elliptical trajectory movement, which can help the drill to break the surface of hard material more efficiently and clean away the lithic fragments more easily. The proposed well drill with bending vibration transducer is designed to have a resonance frequency of the first bending vibration mode of about 1779 Hz. The motion equation of the particle on the edge of the drill bit is developed and analyzed. The vibration trajectory of the particle on the edge of the drill bit is calculated by using finite element method. A prototype of the proposed drill using bending vibrations is fabricated and tested to verify the aim of drilling efficiency increase. The feed speed of the vibration assisted drilling is tested to be about 0.296 mm/s when the excitation voltage of the transducer is 300 V, while this speed decreases to about 0.195 mm/s when no vibration is added. This comparison shows that the feed speed of the vibration assisted drilling is about 52% higher than that of the normal drilling, which means the proposed drill has a better efficiency and it is important to consider vibration superimposition in well drilling. In addition, the surface of the drill hole gained by the vibration assisted drilling is smoother than that of the normal drilling, which makes the clearance easier. View Full-Text
Keywords: well drilling; superimposed vibrations; bending vibration; piezoelectric transducer well drilling; superimposed vibrations; bending vibration; piezoelectric transducer
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Qi, X.; Chen, W.; Liu, Y.; Tang, X.; Shi, S. A Novel Well Drill Assisted with High-Frequency Vibration Using the Bending Mode. Sensors 2018, 18, 1167.

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