Identification of Coffee Varieties Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and Chemometrics
AbstractWe linked coffee quality to its different varieties. This is of interest because the identification of coffee varieties should help coffee trading and consumption. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) combined with chemometric methods was used to identify coffee varieties. Wavelet transform (WT) was used to reduce LIBS spectra noise. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), radial basis function neural network (RBFNN), and support vector machine (SVM) were used to build classification models. Loadings of principal component analysis (PCA) were used to select the spectral variables contributing most to the identification of coffee varieties. Twenty wavelength variables corresponding to C I, Mg I, Mg II, Al II, CN, H, Ca II, Fe I, K I, Na I, N I, and O I were selected. PLS-DA, RBFNN, and SVM models on selected wavelength variables showed acceptable results. SVM and RBFNN models performed better with a classification accuracy of over 80% in the prediction set, for both full spectra and the selected variables. The overall results indicated that it was feasible to use LIBS and chemometric methods to identify coffee varieties. For further studies, more samples are needed to produce robust classification models, research should be conducted on which methods to use to select spectral peaks that correspond to the elements contributing most to identification, and the methods for acquiring stable spectra should also be studied. View Full-Text
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Zhang, C.; Shen, T.; Liu, F.; He, Y. Identification of Coffee Varieties Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and Chemometrics. Sensors 2018, 18, 95.
Zhang C, Shen T, Liu F, He Y. Identification of Coffee Varieties Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and Chemometrics. Sensors. 2018; 18(1):95.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Chu; Shen, Tingting; Liu, Fei; He, Yong. 2018. "Identification of Coffee Varieties Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and Chemometrics." Sensors 18, no. 1: 95.
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