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Sensors 2017, 17(9), 1987; doi:10.3390/s17091987

Remote Marker-Based Tracking for UAV Landing Using Visible-Light Camera Sensor

Division of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Dongguk University, 30 Pildong-ro 1-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 100-715, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 July 2017 / Revised: 21 August 2017 / Accepted: 28 August 2017 / Published: 30 August 2017


Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), which are commonly known as drones, have proved to be useful not only on the battlefields where manned flight is considered too risky or difficult, but also in everyday life purposes such as surveillance, monitoring, rescue, unmanned cargo, aerial video, and photography. More advanced drones make use of global positioning system (GPS) receivers during the navigation and control loop which allows for smart GPS features of drone navigation. However, there are problems if the drones operate in heterogeneous areas with no GPS signal, so it is important to perform research into the development of UAVs with autonomous navigation and landing guidance using computer vision. In this research, we determined how to safely land a drone in the absence of GPS signals using our remote maker-based tracking algorithm based on the visible light camera sensor. The proposed method uses a unique marker designed as a tracking target during landing procedures. Experimental results show that our method significantly outperforms state-of-the-art object trackers in terms of both accuracy and processing time, and we perform test on an embedded system in various environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); remote marker-based tracking; visible light camera sensor; UAV landing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); remote marker-based tracking; visible light camera sensor; UAV landing

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nguyen, P.H.; Kim, K.W.; Lee, Y.W.; Park, K.R. Remote Marker-Based Tracking for UAV Landing Using Visible-Light Camera Sensor. Sensors 2017, 17, 1987.

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