Review of CMOS Integrated Circuit Technologies for High-Speed Photo-Detection
AbstractThe bandwidth requirement of wireline communications has increased exponentially because of the ever-increasing demand for data centers and high-performance computing systems. However, it becomes difficult to satisfy the requirement with legacy electrical links which suffer from frequency-dependent losses due to skin effects, dielectric losses, channel reflections, and crosstalk, resulting in a severe bandwidth limitation. In order to overcome this challenge, it is necessary to introduce optical communication technology, which has been mainly used for long-reach communications, such as long-haul networks and metropolitan area networks, to the medium- and short-reach communication systems. However, there still remain important issues to be resolved to facilitate the adoption of the optical technologies. The most critical challenges are the energy efficiency and the cost competitiveness as compared to the legacy copper-based electrical communications. One possible solution is silicon photonics which has long been investigated by a number of research groups. Despite inherent incompatibility of silicon with the photonic world, silicon photonics is promising and is the only solution that can leverage the mature complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technologies. Silicon photonics can be utilized in not only wireline communications but also countless sensor applications. This paper introduces a brief review of silicon photonics first and subsequently describes the history, overview, and categorization of the CMOS IC technology for high-speed photo-detection without enumerating the complex circuital expressions and terminologies. View Full-Text
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Jeong, G.-S.; Bae, W.; Jeong, D.-K. Review of CMOS Integrated Circuit Technologies for High-Speed Photo-Detection. Sensors 2017, 17, 1962.
Jeong G-S, Bae W, Jeong D-K. Review of CMOS Integrated Circuit Technologies for High-Speed Photo-Detection. Sensors. 2017; 17(9):1962.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jeong, Gyu-Seob; Bae, Woorham; Jeong, Deog-Kyoon. 2017. "Review of CMOS Integrated Circuit Technologies for High-Speed Photo-Detection." Sensors 17, no. 9: 1962.
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