A Comprehensive Study on the Internet of Underwater Things: Applications, Challenges, and Channel Models†
AbstractThe Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) is a novel class of Internet of Things (IoT), and is defined as the network of smart interconnected underwater objects. IoUT is expected to enable various practical applications, such as environmental monitoring, underwater exploration, and disaster prevention. With these applications, IoUT is regarded as one of the potential technologies toward developing smart cities. To support the concept of IoUT, Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) have emerged as a promising network system. UWSNs are different from the traditional Territorial Wireless Sensor Networks (TWSNs), and have several unique properties, such as long propagation delay, narrow bandwidth, and low reliability. These unique properties would be great challenges for IoUT. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive study of IoUT, and the main contributions of this paper are threefold: (1) we introduce and classify the practical underwater applications that can highlight the importance of IoUT; (2) we point out the differences between UWSNs and traditional TWSNs, and these differences are the main challenges for IoUT; and (3) we investigate and evaluate the channel models, which are the technical core for designing reliable communication protocols on IoUT. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Kao, C.-C.; Lin, Y.-S.; Wu, G.-D.; Huang, C.-J. A Comprehensive Study on the Internet of Underwater Things: Applications, Challenges, and Channel Models. Sensors 2017, 17, 1477.
Kao C-C, Lin Y-S, Wu G-D, Huang C-J. A Comprehensive Study on the Internet of Underwater Things: Applications, Challenges, and Channel Models. Sensors. 2017; 17(7):1477.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kao, Chien-Chi; Lin, Yi-Shan; Wu, Geng-De; Huang, Chun-Ju. 2017. "A Comprehensive Study on the Internet of Underwater Things: Applications, Challenges, and Channel Models." Sensors 17, no. 7: 1477.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.