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Sensors 2017, 17(6), 1359; doi:10.3390/s17061359

Emotional Self-Regulation of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Smartwatches for Monitoring and Interaction

Department of Computer Engineering, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid 28049, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Edward Sazonov and Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay
Received: 1 May 2017 / Revised: 2 June 2017 / Accepted: 6 June 2017 / Published: 11 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable and Ambient Sensors for Healthcare and Wellness Applications)
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Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the needs of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) to have a pervasive, feasible and non-stigmatizing form of assistance in their emotional self-regulation, in order to ease certain behavioral issues that undermine their mental health throughout their life. We argue the potential of recent widespread wearables, and more specifically smartwatches, to achieve this goal. Then, a smartwatch system that implements a wide range of self-regulation strategies and infers outburst patterns from physiological signals and movement is presented, along with an authoring tool for smartphones that is to be used by caregivers or family members to create and edit these strategies, in an adaptive way. We conducted an intensive experiment with two individuals with ASD who showed varied, representative behavioral responses to their emotional dysregulation. Both users were able to employ effective, customized emotional self-regulation strategies by means of the system, recovering from the majority of mild stress episodes and temper tantrums experienced in the nine days of experiment in their classroom. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable computing; assistive technologies; affective computing; behavioral monitoring; cognitive disabilities; mobile assistance; ubiquitous computing wearable computing; assistive technologies; affective computing; behavioral monitoring; cognitive disabilities; mobile assistance; ubiquitous computing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torrado, J.C.; Gomez, J.; Montoro, G. Emotional Self-Regulation of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Smartwatches for Monitoring and Interaction. Sensors 2017, 17, 1359.

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