Air Flow Detection in Crude Oil by Infrared Light
AbstractIn this paper, we used infrared light in the range of 8–12 μm to develop and test an optical imaging system to detect air bubbles flowing in oil. The system basically comprises a broadband light source and a 31 × 32 thermopile array to generate images. To analyze the effects related to light absorption, reflection, and refraction on air-oil boundaries, a numerical model was developed and the predominance of the refraction instead of the absorption in bubbles with diameters below a certain critical value was observed. The IR region of the electromagnetic spectrum has both optical and thermic behavior. To understand the limits of each effect on the oil flow imaging, a study of the influence of temperature variation on the petroleum optical detection was performed. The developed optical imaging system allowed the detection of air flow in static oil and in oil-air two-phase flow. With the presented system, it was possible to achieve images through up to 12 mm of oil volumes, but this may be enhanced by the use of optimized IR sources and detectors. View Full-Text
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Dutra, G.; Martelli, C.; Da Silva, M.J.; Patyk, R.L.; Morales, R.E.M. Air Flow Detection in Crude Oil by Infrared Light. Sensors 2017, 17, 1278.
Dutra G, Martelli C, Da Silva MJ, Patyk RL, Morales REM. Air Flow Detection in Crude Oil by Infrared Light. Sensors. 2017; 17(6):1278.Chicago/Turabian Style
Dutra, Guilherme; Martelli, Cicero; Da Silva, Marco J.; Patyk, Rodolfo L.; Morales, Rigoberto E.M. 2017. "Air Flow Detection in Crude Oil by Infrared Light." Sensors 17, no. 6: 1278.
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