Ambiguity Resolution for Phase-Based 3-D Source Localization under Fixed Uniform Circular Array
AbstractUnder fixed uniform circular array (UCA), 3-D parameter estimation of a source whose half-wavelength is smaller than the array aperture would suffer from a serious phase ambiguity problem, which also appears in a recently proposed phase-based algorithm. In this paper, by using the centro-symmetry of UCA with an even number of sensors, the source’s angles and range can be decoupled and a novel algorithm named subarray grouping and ambiguity searching (SGAS) is addressed to resolve angle ambiguity. In the SGAS algorithm, each subarray formed by two couples of centro-symmetry sensors can obtain a batch of results under different ambiguities, and by searching the nearest value among subarrays, which is always corresponding to correct ambiguity, rough angle estimation with no ambiguity is realized. Then, the unambiguous angles are employed to resolve phase ambiguity in a phase-based 3-D parameter estimation algorithm, and the source’s range, as well as more precise angles, can be achieved. Moreover, to improve the practical performance of SGAS, the optimal structure of subarrays and subarray selection criteria are further investigated. Simulation results demonstrate the satisfying performance of the proposed method in 3-D source localization. View Full-Text
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Chen, X.; Liu, Z.; Wei, X. Ambiguity Resolution for Phase-Based 3-D Source Localization under Fixed Uniform Circular Array. Sensors 2017, 17, 1086.
Chen X, Liu Z, Wei X. Ambiguity Resolution for Phase-Based 3-D Source Localization under Fixed Uniform Circular Array. Sensors. 2017; 17(5):1086.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Xin; Liu, Zhen; Wei, Xizhang. 2017. "Ambiguity Resolution for Phase-Based 3-D Source Localization under Fixed Uniform Circular Array." Sensors 17, no. 5: 1086.
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