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Sensors 2017, 17(4), 669; doi:10.3390/s17040669

Radar Interferometry for Monitoring the Vibration Characteristics of Buildings and Civil Structures: Recent Case Studies in Spain

Centre Tecnòlogic de Telecomunicaciòns de Catalunya (CTTC/CERCA), Geomatics Division, Avinguda Gauss, 7, E-08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain
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Academic Editor: Gonzalo Pajares Martinsanz
Received: 30 January 2017 / Revised: 9 March 2017 / Accepted: 20 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Spain 2016)
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Abstract

The potential of a coherent microwave sensor to monitor the vibration characteristics of civil structures has been investigated in the past decade, and successful case studies have been published by different research teams. This remote sensing technique is based on the interferometric processing of real aperture radar acquisitions. Its capability to estimate, simultaneously and remotely, the displacement of different parts of the investigated structures, with high accuracy and repeatability, is its main advantage with respect to conventional sensors. A considerable amount of literature on this technique is available, including various case studies aimed at testing the ambient vibration of bridges, buildings, and towers. In the last years, this technique has been used in Spain for civil structures monitoring. In this paper, three examples of such case studies are described: the monitoring of the suspended bridge crossing the Ebro River at Amposta, the communications tower of Collserola in Barcelona, and an urban building located in Vilafranca del Penedès, a small town close to Barcelona. This paper summarizes the main outcomes of these case studies, underlining the advantages and limitations of the sensors currently available, and concluding with the possible improvements expected from the next generation of sensors. View Full-Text
Keywords: radar; interferometry; civil structures; vibration; monitoring radar; interferometry; civil structures; vibration; monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luzi, G.; Crosetto, M.; Fernández, E. Radar Interferometry for Monitoring the Vibration Characteristics of Buildings and Civil Structures: Recent Case Studies in Spain. Sensors 2017, 17, 669.

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