Next Article in Journal
Holistic Context-Sensitivity for Run-Time Optimization of Flexible Manufacturing Systems
Next Article in Special Issue
Bismuth Infusion of ABS Enables Additive Manufacturing of Complex Radiological Phantoms and Shielding Equipment
Previous Article in Journal
eFarm: A Tool for Better Observing Agricultural Land Systems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Proof of Concept of Integrated Load Measurement in 3D Printed Structures
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2017, 17(3), 456; doi:10.3390/s17030456

Temperature Mapping of 3D Printed Polymer Plates: Experimental and Numerical Study

Laboratory of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies and Testing, University of Piraeus, Karaoli and Dimitriou 80, 185 34 Piraeus, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jae-Won Choi and Erik D. Engeberg
Received: 22 November 2016 / Revised: 21 February 2017 / Accepted: 22 February 2017 / Published: 24 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Printed Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2016 KB, uploaded 24 February 2017]   |  


In Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), which is a common thermoplastic Additive Manufacturing (AM) method, the polymer model material that is in the form of a flexible filament is heated above its glass transition temperature (Tg) to a semi-molten state in the head’s liquefier. The heated material is extruded in a rastering configuration onto the building platform where it rapidly cools and solidifies with the adjoining material. The heating and rapid cooling cycles of the work materials exhibited during the FDM process provoke non-uniform thermal gradients and cause stress build-up that consequently result in part distortions, dimensional inaccuracy and even possible part fabrication failure. Within the purpose of optimizing the FDM technique by eliminating the presence of such undesirable effects, real-time monitoring is essential for the evaluation and control of the final parts’ quality. The present work investigates the temperature distributions developed during the FDM building process of multilayered thin plates and on this basis a numerical study is also presented. The recordings of temperature changes were achieved by embedding temperature measuring sensors at various locations into the middle-plane of the printed structures. The experimental results, mapping the temperature variations within the samples, were compared to the corresponding ones obtained by finite element modeling, exhibiting good correlation. View Full-Text
Keywords: fused deposition modeling; real-time monitoring; temperature mapping; FEM simulation; thin plates fused deposition modeling; real-time monitoring; temperature mapping; FEM simulation; thin plates

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kousiatza, C.; Chatzidai, N.; Karalekas, D. Temperature Mapping of 3D Printed Polymer Plates: Experimental and Numerical Study. Sensors 2017, 17, 456.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top