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Sensors 2017, 17(2), 335; doi:10.3390/s17020335

Wind Tunnel Measurements for Flutter of a Long-Afterbody Bridge Deck

1
State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Mountain Bridge and Tunnel Engineering, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing 400074, China
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
3
Shenzhen Bridge Design & Research Institute Co., Ltd., Shenzhen 518052, China
4
School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Simon X. Yang
Received: 28 November 2016 / Revised: 4 February 2017 / Accepted: 6 February 2017 / Published: 9 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Transportation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3413 KB, uploaded 17 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Bridges are an important component of transportation. Flutter is a self-excited, large amplitude vibration, which may lead to collapse of bridges. It must be understood and avoided. This paper takes the Jianghai Channel Bridge, which is a significant part of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, as an example to investigate the flutter of the bridge deck. Firstly, aerodynamic force models for flutter of bridges were introduced. Then, wind tunnel tests of the bridge deck during the construction and the operation stages, under different wind attack angles and wind velocities, were carried out using a high frequency base balance (HFBB) system and laser displacement sensors. From the tests, the static aerodynamic forces and flutter derivatives of the bridge deck were observed. Correspondingly, the critical flutter wind speeds of the bridge deck were determined based on the derivatives, and they are compared with the directly measured flutter speeds. Results show that the observed derivatives are reasonable and applicable. Furthermore, the critical wind speeds in the operation stage is smaller than those in the construction stage. Besides, the flutter instabilities of the bridge in the construction and the operation stages are good. This study helps guarantee the design and the construction of the Jianghai Channel Bridge, and advances the understanding of flutter of long afterbody bridge decks. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerodynamic force; flutter derivatives; critical flutter wind speed; long-afterbody bridge deck aerodynamic force; flutter derivatives; critical flutter wind speed; long-afterbody bridge deck
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Chen, Z.-S.; Zhang, C.; Wang, X.; Ma, C.-M. Wind Tunnel Measurements for Flutter of a Long-Afterbody Bridge Deck. Sensors 2017, 17, 335.

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