Energy Neutral Wireless Bolt for Safety Critical Fastening
AbstractThermoelectric generators (TEGs) are now capable of powering the abundant low power electronics from very small (just a few degrees Celsius) temperature gradients. This factor along with the continuously lowering cost and size of TEGs, has contributed to the growing number of miniaturized battery-free sensor modules powered by TEGs. In this article, we present the design of an ambient-powered wireless bolt for high-end electro-mechanical systems. The bolt is equipped with a temperature sensor and a low power RF chip powered from a TEG. A DC-DC converter interfacing the TEG with the RF chip is used to step-up the low TEG voltage. The work includes the characterizations of different TEGs and DC-DC converters to determine the optimal design based on the amount of power that can be generated from a TEG under different loads and at temperature gradients typical of industrial environments. A prototype system was implemented and the power consumption of this system under different conditions was also measured. Results demonstrate that the power generated by the TEG at very low temperature gradients is sufficient to guarantee continuous wireless monitoring of the critical fasteners in critical systems such as avionics, motorsport and aerospace. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Seyoum, B.B.; Rossi, M.; Brunelli, D. Energy Neutral Wireless Bolt for Safety Critical Fastening. Sensors 2017, 17, 2211.
Seyoum BB, Rossi M, Brunelli D. Energy Neutral Wireless Bolt for Safety Critical Fastening. Sensors. 2017; 17(10):2211.Chicago/Turabian Style
Seyoum, Biruk B.; Rossi, Maurizio; Brunelli, Davide. 2017. "Energy Neutral Wireless Bolt for Safety Critical Fastening." Sensors 17, no. 10: 2211.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.