Spatial Copula Model for Imputing Traffic Flow Data from Remote Microwave Sensors
AbstractIssues of missing data have become increasingly serious with the rapid increase in usage of traffic sensors. Analyses of the Beijing ring expressway have showed that up to 50% of microwave sensors pose missing values. The imputation of missing traffic data must be urgently solved although a precise solution that cannot be easily achieved due to the significant number of missing portions. In this study, copula-based models are proposed for the spatial interpolation of traffic flow from remote traffic microwave sensors. Most existing interpolation methods only rely on covariance functions to depict spatial correlation and are unsuitable for coping with anomalies due to Gaussian consumption. Copula theory overcomes this issue and provides a connection between the correlation function and the marginal distribution function of traffic flow. To validate copula-based models, a comparison with three kriging methods is conducted. Results indicate that copula-based models outperform kriging methods, especially on roads with irregular traffic patterns. Copula-based models demonstrate significant potential to impute missing data in large-scale transportation networks. View Full-Text
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Ma, X.; Luan, S.; Du, B.; Yu, B. Spatial Copula Model for Imputing Traffic Flow Data from Remote Microwave Sensors. Sensors 2017, 17, 2160.
Ma X, Luan S, Du B, Yu B. Spatial Copula Model for Imputing Traffic Flow Data from Remote Microwave Sensors. Sensors. 2017; 17(10):2160.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ma, Xiaolei; Luan, Sen; Du, Bowen; Yu, Bin. 2017. "Spatial Copula Model for Imputing Traffic Flow Data from Remote Microwave Sensors." Sensors 17, no. 10: 2160.
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