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Sensors 2016, 16(5), 665; doi:10.3390/s16050665

Optimizing Retransmission Threshold in Wireless Sensor Networks

1,†,* , 2
,
1,†
and
1,†
1
Department of Computer Science, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116000, China
2
Department of Computer Science, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
Current address: No. 2 Linggong Road, Hi-Tech Zone, Dalian 116000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yunchuan Sun
Received: 22 March 2016 / Revised: 23 April 2016 / Accepted: 29 April 2016 / Published: 10 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Identification, Information & Knowledge in the Internet of Things)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [904 KB, uploaded 10 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

The retransmission threshold in wireless sensor networks is critical to the latency of data delivery in the networks. However, existing works on data transmission in sensor networks did not consider the optimization of the retransmission threshold, and they simply set the same retransmission threshold for all sensor nodes in advance. The method did not take link quality and delay requirement into account, which decreases the probability of a packet passing its delivery path within a given deadline. This paper investigates the problem of finding optimal retransmission thresholds for relay nodes along a delivery path in a sensor network. The object of optimizing retransmission thresholds is to maximize the summation of the probability of the packet being successfully delivered to the next relay node or destination node in time. A dynamic programming-based distributed algorithm for finding optimal retransmission thresholds for relay nodes along a delivery path in the sensor network is proposed. The time complexity is O n Δ · max 1 i n { u i } , where u i is the given upper bound of the retransmission threshold of sensor node i in a given delivery path, n is the length of the delivery path and Δ is the given upper bound of the transmission delay of the delivery path. If Δ is greater than the polynomial, to reduce the time complexity, a linear programming-based ( 1 + p m i n ) -approximation algorithm is proposed. Furthermore, when the ranges of the upper and lower bounds of retransmission thresholds are big enough, a Lagrange multiplier-based distributed O ( 1 ) -approximation algorithm with time complexity O ( 1 ) is proposed. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithms have better performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: packet delivery; optimal retransmission threshold; in time packet delivery; optimal retransmission threshold; in time
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bi, R.; Li, Y.; Tan, G.; Sun, L. Optimizing Retransmission Threshold in Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2016, 16, 665.

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