A Novel Arc Fault Detector for Early Detection of Electrical Fires
AbstractArc faults can produce very high temperatures and can easily ignite combustible materials; thus, they represent one of the most important causes of electrical fires. The application of arc fault detection, as an emerging early fire detection technology, is required by the National Electrical Code to reduce the occurrence of electrical fires. However, the concealment, randomness and diversity of arc faults make them difficult to detect. To improve the accuracy of arc fault detection, a novel arc fault detector (AFD) is developed in this study. First, an experimental arc fault platform is built to study electrical fires. A high-frequency transducer and a current transducer are used to measure typical load signals of arc faults and normal states. After the common features of these signals are studied, high-frequency energy and current variations are extracted as an input eigenvector for use by an arc fault detection algorithm. Then, the detection algorithm based on a weighted least squares support vector machine is designed and successfully applied in a microprocessor. Finally, an AFD is developed. The test results show that the AFD can detect arc faults in a timely manner and interrupt the circuit power supply before electrical fires can occur. The AFD is not influenced by cross talk or transient processes, and the detection accuracy is very high. Hence, the AFD can be installed in low-voltage circuits to monitor circuit states in real-time to facilitate the early detection of electrical fires. View Full-Text
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Yang, K.; Zhang, R.; Yang, J.; Liu, C.; Chen, S.; Zhang, F. A Novel Arc Fault Detector for Early Detection of Electrical Fires. Sensors 2016, 16, 500.
Yang K, Zhang R, Yang J, Liu C, Chen S, Zhang F. A Novel Arc Fault Detector for Early Detection of Electrical Fires. Sensors. 2016; 16(4):500.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Kai; Zhang, Rencheng; Yang, Jianhong; Liu, Canhua; Chen, Shouhong; Zhang, Fujiang. 2016. "A Novel Arc Fault Detector for Early Detection of Electrical Fires." Sensors 16, no. 4: 500.
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