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Sensors 2016, 16(3), 414; doi:10.3390/s16030414

A Survey on Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network Routing Protocols

Centro de Investigación en Tecnologías Software y Sistemal Multimedia para la Sostenibilidad (CITSEM), Campus Sur Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), 28031 Madrid, Spain
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Academic Editor: Jaime Lloret Mauri
Received: 4 February 2016 / Revised: 16 March 2016 / Accepted: 16 March 2016 / Published: 22 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Underwater Sensor Nodes and Underwater Sensor Networks 2016)
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Abstract

Underwater acoustic sensor networks (UASNs) have become more and more important in ocean exploration applications, such as ocean monitoring, pollution detection, ocean resource management, underwater device maintenance, etc. In underwater acoustic sensor networks, since the routing protocol guarantees reliable and effective data transmission from the source node to the destination node, routing protocol design is an attractive topic for researchers. There are many routing algorithms have been proposed in recent years. To present the current state of development of UASN routing protocols, we review herein the UASN routing protocol designs reported in recent years. In this paper, all the routing protocols have been classified into different groups according to their characteristics and routing algorithms, such as the non-cross-layer design routing protocol, the traditional cross-layer design routing protocol, and the intelligent algorithm based routing protocol. This is also the first paper that introduces intelligent algorithm-based UASN routing protocols. In addition, in this paper, we investigate the development trends of UASN routing protocols, which can provide researchers with clear and direct insights for further research. View Full-Text
Keywords: underwater acoustic sensor network; routing protocol; cross-layer design; intelligent algorithm based underwater acoustic sensor network; routing protocol; cross-layer design; intelligent algorithm based
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, N.; Martínez, J.-F.; Meneses Chaus, J.M.; Eckert, M. A Survey on Underwater Acoustic Sensor Network Routing Protocols. Sensors 2016, 16, 414.

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