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Sensors 2016, 16(3), 378; doi:10.3390/s16030378

Developing an Efficient and General Strategy for Immobilization of Small Molecules onto Microarrays Using Isocyanate Chemistry

1
Department of Optical Science and Engineering, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Ultra-Precision Optical Manufacturing, Key Laboratory of Micro and Nano Photonic Structures (Ministry of Education), Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
2
Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
3
Key Laboratory of Metabolism and Molecular Medicine, the Ministry of Education, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
4
Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alexandre François, Al Meldrum and Nicolas Riesen
Received: 1 February 2016 / Revised: 8 March 2016 / Accepted: 11 March 2016 / Published: 16 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Label-Free Optical Biosensors)
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Abstract

Small-molecule microarray (SMM) is an effective platform for identifying lead compounds from large collections of small molecules in drug discovery, and efficient immobilization of molecular compounds is a pre-requisite for the success of such a platform. On an isocyanate functionalized surface, we studied the dependence of immobilization efficiency on chemical residues on molecular compounds, terminal residues on isocyanate functionalized surface, lengths of spacer molecules, and post-printing treatment conditions, and we identified a set of optimized conditions that enable us to immobilize small molecules with significantly improved efficiencies, particularly for those molecules with carboxylic acid residues that are known to have low isocyanate reactivity. We fabricated microarrays of 3375 bioactive compounds on isocyanate functionalized glass slides under these optimized conditions and confirmed that immobilization percentage is over 73%. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-throughput screening; small-molecule microarrays; surface functionalization; label-free optical biosensor high-throughput screening; small-molecule microarrays; surface functionalization; label-free optical biosensor
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Zhu, C.; Zhu, X.; Landry, J.P.; Cui, Z.; Li, Q.; Dang, Y.; Mi, L.; Zheng, F.; Fei, Y. Developing an Efficient and General Strategy for Immobilization of Small Molecules onto Microarrays Using Isocyanate Chemistry. Sensors 2016, 16, 378.

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