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Sensors 2016, 16(12), 2079; doi:10.3390/s16122079

Standardization, Calibration, and Evaluation of Tantalum-Nano rGO-SnO2 Composite as a Possible Candidate Material in Humidity Sensors

1
Department of Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa 3-dong, Sangrok-gu, Ansan 426791, Korea
2
PG and Research Department of Chemistry, Alagappa Government Arts College, Karaikudi 630003, Tanilnadu, India
3
Department of Civil Engineering, Hannam University, Daejeon 306-791, Korea
4
Corrosion and Materials Protection Division, CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi 630003, Tamilnadu, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francisco J. Arregui and Jesús M. Corres
Received: 9 September 2016 / Revised: 25 November 2016 / Accepted: 30 November 2016 / Published: 7 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Humidity Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9470 KB, uploaded 7 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

The present study focuses the development and the evaluation of humidity sensors based on reduced graphene oxide—tin oxide (rGO-SnO2) nanocomposites, synthesized by a simple redox reaction between GO and SnCl2. The physico-chemical characteristics of the nanocomposites were analyzed by XRD, TEM, FTIR, and Raman spectroscopy. The formation of SnO2 crystal phase was observed through XRD. The SnO2 crystal phase anchoring to the graphene sheet was confirmed through TEM images. For the preparation of the sensors, tantalum substrates were coated with the sensing material. The sensitivity of the fabricated sensor was studied by varying the relative humidity (RH) from 11% to 95% over a period of 30 days. The dependence of the impedance and of the capacitance with RH of the sensor was measured with varying frequency ranging from 1 kHz to 100 Hz. The long-term stability of the sensor was measured at 95% RH over a period of 30 days. The results proved that rGO-SnO2 nanocomposites are an ideal conducting material for humidity sensors due to their high sensitivity, rapid response and recovery times, as well as their good long-term stability. View Full-Text
Keywords: rGO-SnO2; nanocomposites; sensor; relative humidity rGO-SnO2; nanocomposites; sensor; relative humidity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Karthick, S.; Lee, H.-S.; Kwon, S.-J.; Natarajan, R.; Saraswathy, V. Standardization, Calibration, and Evaluation of Tantalum-Nano rGO-SnO2 Composite as a Possible Candidate Material in Humidity Sensors. Sensors 2016, 16, 2079.

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