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Sensors 2016, 16(12), 1989; doi:10.3390/s16121989

Utilizing a Wristband Sensor to Measure the Stress Level for People with Dementia

1
Department of Health Sciences, Luleå University of Technology, 97187 Luleå, Sweden
2
Information Technologies Institute, Centre for Research & Technology Hellas, 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, 97187 Luleå, Sweden
4
Personal Health Solutions, Philips Research, 5656 AE Eindhoven, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Octavian Adrian Postolache, Alex Casson and Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay
Received: 3 August 2016 / Revised: 4 November 2016 / Accepted: 18 November 2016 / Published: 24 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensing Technology for Healthcare System)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2871 KB, uploaded 24 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Stress is a common problem that affects most people with dementia and their caregivers. Stress symptoms for people with dementia are often measured by answering a checklist of questions by the clinical staff who work closely with the person with the dementia. This process requires a lot of effort with continuous observation of the person with dementia over the long term. This article investigates the effectiveness of using a straightforward method, based on a single wristband sensor to classify events of “Stressed” and “Not stressed” for people with dementia. The presented system calculates the stress level as an integer value from zero to five, providing clinical information of behavioral patterns to the clinical staff. Thirty staff members participated in this experiment, together with six residents suffering from dementia, from two nursing homes. The residents were equipped with the wristband sensor during the day, and the staff were writing observation notes during the experiment to serve as ground truth. Experimental evaluation showed relationships between staff observations and sensor analysis, while stress level thresholds adjusted to each individual can serve different scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: clinical assessment; nursing homes; sensors; dementia; stress monitoring clinical assessment; nursing homes; sensors; dementia; stress monitoring
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kikhia, B.; Stavropoulos, T.G.; Andreadis, S.; Karvonen, N.; Kompatsiaris, I.; Sävenstedt, S.; Pijl, M.; Melander, C. Utilizing a Wristband Sensor to Measure the Stress Level for People with Dementia. Sensors 2016, 16, 1989.

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